Skip to main content

Grafana Dashboard Tutorial

Grafana Tutorial

Once the Cardano pool sucessfully set-up, then comes the most beautifull part - setting up your Dashboard and Alerts!

This documentation brings some of the available information in greater detail and will hopefully help Stake Pool Operators in managing their pools more efficiently. This tutorial is for education and learning purpose only!

Prerequisites:

  • Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS

  • Cardano Block Producer Node up and running

  • Cardano Relay Nodes up and running

1. Install prometheus node exporter

Firstly install Prometheus node exporter on the Block Producing and all Relay Nodes

$ sudo apt-get install -y prometheus-node-exporter

$ sudo systemctl enable prometheus-node-exporter.service
note

for Ubuntu 18.04 refer the following tutorial Ubuntu 18.04 Tutorial

Update mainnet-config.json config files with new hasEKG and has Prometheus ports.

$ cd $NODE_HOME
$ sed -i mainnet-config.json -e "s/127.0.0.1/0.0.0.0/g"

On Producer Node open ports 12798 and 9100

$ sudo ufw allow proto tcp from <Monitoring Node IP address> to any port 9100

$ sudo ufw allow proto tcp from <Monitoring Node IP address> to any port 12798

$ sudo ufw reload

restart the nodes

$ sudo systemctl restart <your node name e.g. cnode>

2. Install Prometheus on the Monitoring Node

Install Prometheus on the Monitoring Node - the Node where the Grafana Server will run. This could be on of the Relay nodes or a separate dedicated node for monitoring.

$ sudo apt-get install -y prometheus

3. Install Grafana on Monitoring Node

$ wget -q -O - https://packages.grafana.com/gpg.key | sudo apt-key add -

$ echo "deb https://packages.grafana.com/oss/deb stable main" > grafana.list
$ sudo mv grafana.list /etc/apt/sources.list.d/grafana.list

$ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y grafana

Enable services so they start automatically

$ sudo systemctl enable grafana-server.service
$ sudo systemctl enable prometheus.service
$ sudo systemctl enable prometheus-node-exporter.service

Update prometheus.yml located in /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml

Change the ip address in the following command

$ cat > prometheus.yml << EOF
global:
scrape_interval: 15s # By default, scrape targets every 15 seconds.

# Attach these labels to any time series or alerts when communicating with
# external systems (federation, remote storage, Alertmanager).
external_labels:
monitor: 'codelab-monitor'

# A scrape configuration containing exactly one endpoint to scrape:
# Here it's Prometheus itself.
scrape_configs:
# The job name is added as a label job=<job_name> to any timeseries scraped from this config.
- job_name: 'prometheus'

static_configs:
- targets: ['localhost:9100']

labels:
alias: 'relaynode1'
type: 'cardano-node'

- targets: ['<relay node 2 public ip address>:9100']

labels:
alias: 'relaynode2'
type: 'cardano-node'
- targets: ['<block producer public ip address>:9100']

labels:
alias: 'block-producer-node'
type: 'cardano-node'
- targets: ['localhost:12798']
labels:
alias: 'relaynode1'
type: 'cardano-node'

- targets: ['<relay node 2 public ip address>:12798']

labels:
alias: 'relaynode2'
type: 'cardano-node'

- targets: ['<block producer public ip address>:12798']
labels:
alias: 'block-producer-node'
type: 'cardano-node'

EOF

if you have more than two Relay Nodes, add all your Relays as new "targets" in the config above

$ sudo mv prometheus.yml /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml

restart the services

$ sudo systemctl restart grafana-server.service
$ sudo systemctl restart prometheus.service
$ sudo systemctl restart prometheus-node-exporter.service

Verify that the services are running properly

$ sudo systemctl status grafana-server.service prometheus.service prometheus-node-exporter.service

On the Monitoring Node open ports 3000 for Grafana

$ sudo ufw allow from <your home IP address from where you plan to access Grafana> to any port 3000
note

Please refer to Grafana Labs Secuirty for hardening e.g. by default the communication with the Grafana server is unencrypted.

4. Setting up Grafana Dashboard

On Relay Node, open http://localhost:3000 or http://your Relay Node ip address:3000 in your local browser. Login with admin / admin Change password

Datasource

Click the configuration gear icon, then Add data Source Select Prometheus Set Name to "Prometheus" Set URL to http://localhost:9090 Click Save & Test

Download my Dashboard that you see on the top of this page, from the following GitHub link and save the JSON file

SNSKY Dashboard Example

in Grafana, Click Create + icon (in left Menu) > Import Add dashboard by Upload JSON file Click the Import button.

If you nodes are in several time zones, it is usefull to add the Grafan Clock panel

$ grafana-cli plugins install grafana-clock-panel

Installed panels are available immediately in the Dashboards section in your Grafana main menu.

To see a list of installed panels, click the Plugins item in the main menu. Both core panels and installed panels will appear.

5. Add Data from Cexplorer to the Dashboard

Cexplorer provides API where we can collect data for our pool. Run following commands to create directory for our pool statistic and script. Metric adapools_pledged is missing in cexplorer(a tool what will substitute adapools), so you might see relative data missing on dashboard from SNSKY, mentioned above.

cd /$NODE_HOME

mkdir -p poolStat

cd poolStat

echo "curl https://js.cexplorer.io/api-static/pool/< YOUR POOL BECH 32 POOL ID >.json 2>/dev/null \\
| jq '.data' | jq 'del(.stats, .url , .img, .updated, .handles, .pool_id, .name, .pool_id_hash)' \\
| tr -d \\\"{},: \\
| awk NF \\
| sed -e 's/^[ \t]*/adapools_/' \\
| sed -e 's/adapools_stake /adapools_total_stake /' \\
| sed -e 's/adapools_stake_active /adapools_active_stake /' \\
| sed -e 's/adapools_position /adapools_rank /' \\
| sed -e 's/adapools_blocks_est_epoch /adapools_blocks_estimated /' \\
| sed -e 's/adapools_saturation /adapools_saturated /' \\
| sed -e 's/adapools_roa_short /adapools_roa /' > poolStat.prom" > getstats.sh

chmod +x getstats.sh

./getstats.sh

check the content of adapools.prom and it should not contain only numeric values

$ nano poolStat.prom

Configure promethues-node-exporter.service to grab data from poolStat.prom file

$ sudo cp /lib/systemd/system/prometheus-node-exporter.service /lib/systemd/system/prometheus-node-exporter.service_backup

$ sudo nano /lib/systemd/system/prometheus-node-exporter.service

Change ExecStart line to

ExecStart=/usr/bin/prometheus-node-exporter --collector.textfile.directory=< YOUR NODE FULL PATH >/poolStat --collector.textfile

Reload daemon and restart services

$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload

$ sudo systemctl restart prometheus-node-exporter.service

$ sudo systemctl restart prometheus.service

Now you should see in the Dashboard all Cexplorer statistics

Since the statistics will change, lets set cron job to update data from Cexplorer everyday

$ crontab -e
##############################

#Get data from Cexplorer every day at 06:00

0 6 * * * <YOUR NODE FULL PATH >/poolStat/getstats.sh

##############################

Done!

6. As last step let's now setup Grafana Alerting and Email Notifications

Setup SMTP in Grafana

$ sudo nano /etc/grafana/grafana.ini

Edit the SMTP section

#############################

[smtp]
enabled = true
host = smtp.<email server>:465
user = <email user name>
# If the password contains # or ; you have to wrap it with triple quotes. Ex """#password;"""
password = <email password>
from_address = sam@sanskys.de
from_name = Grafana

#############################

Login to Grafana with username and password.

Email Alert

Click on the "Bell" icon on the left sidebar.

Select "Notification channels."

Click on "Add Channel." This will open a form for adding new notification channel.

Give a name to this channel. I am using "Alert"

Select Email from "Type" as we want to send notifications over email.

Check the "Send on all alerts" in case you want email on all alerts.

Select the checkbox of "Include image" in case you want to include the image of the panel as the body in the notification email.

Add the target email in "Email addresses" text area. You can use multiple email address separated by ";"

Click on "Send Test" if you want to verify your settings. This will send a sample email using the SMTP details we configured earlier.

Click on "Save" to add this channel

Create an Alert if Producer Node is not reachable

Peer Alert

Please not that Alerts can only be created for "Graph" panels!

Now we create an Alert to get an email if the Producer Node is not reachable

In the "Connected Peers" panel go to Alerts

Define the Rule "Connected Peer Alert" Evaluate every "1m" For "2m"

Condition

WHEN "last()" OF "query(A, 1m, now)" "HAS NO VALUE"

No Data & Error Handling

If no data or all values are null SET STATE TO "No Data"

If execution error or timeout SET STATE TO "Alerting"

Notifications

Send To - Choose your notofication channel, which in my case is "Alert"

Message - type in your alert message that should appear in the email

Press on "test Rule" to ensure that the Alert is correct and has no issues.

Now you are done! Stop you Producer Node and you should get an Alert within 4min.

note

If everything works, now you should have a smile on your face! And if you wish to support the Tutorial work, you could donate or delegate to my pool - SNSKY

Donation Address addr1qyyhd8cpv4gmhr5axerhezhtzldrw4rp9ayf0fc6arnme4cg46du2qg366943uy0dw5yjmna7arfw265lu4r2fjccl4scf7xrw SNSKY Pool ID 075578defd7ee97cbeaa2937e5819099cb3835ac9f9c8b1a2c3a3578

We should make Grafana a bit more secure and to do so lets change two settings

$ sudo nano /etc/grafana/grafana.ini

Locate the following allow_sign_up directive under the [users] heading and change the line to as follows

##########

[users] # disable user signup / registration

allow_sign_up = false

##########

Next, locate the following enabled directive under the [auth.anonymous] heading and change the line to as follows

[auth.anonymous]

enabled = false

Save the file and exit your text editor and to activate the changes, restart Grafana.

$ sudo systemctl restart grafana-server

8. Advanced Users: Slot Leader Panel

Leader Panel

Once your Pool gets big and is regularly minting blocks, it becomes diffcult to keep track of all Leader Slots and also to identify the available gaps for Pool maintainance. This Slot Leader Panel is quite helpful as it gives a good overview of all scheduled Slots in TimeSeries.

Use cardano-cli to query the leadership schedule. Since the result has to interpreted by Grafana, we need to format the query output to a CSV readable syntax.

note

The cardano-cli query requires addtional RAM. Please refer to query leadership-schedule for more details. I needed 16GB RAM + 8GB SWAP and it took several minutes to query the leadership schedule.

The whole script can be copied from here:

Slot Leader Script

In case the slot.csv file is on a different node, copy it to your Grafana Monitoring node manually. This step could be automated but I dont wish to open extra ports for this so I just copy and paste the content of the slot.csv file.

Next, we add the CSV Plugin to Grafana. Please follow the instructions under the section "Installing on a local Grafana:"

Grafana CSV Plugin

After the installation, in Data Sources now the CSV Plugin should be listed. Configure the CSV Plugin by specifying the location of the slot.csv file. Save & Test and if all steps were followed correctly, you should get the green sucess messsage.

The final step is to add the Slot Leader Panel to your dashboard. For that click on the "Add Panel" and "Add New Panel" icons.

Then click on "Query inspector" and and "JSON" buttons.

Delete the existing JSON code and replace it with the following:

Slot Leader Panel

Now click on "Apply" and thats it! You should be able to see all your Leader Slots from last 6 Hrs to next 18 Hrs and this time window shifts automaically.

Happy minting!

9. Adding crypto exchange rates to your Grafana

It may not be healthy to look into price all day long, but it could be useful to have it in one place on grafana dashboard.

Below is an example using Kraken exchange's API for fetching prices. One may elect any alternate API provider for price and adapt the suggestions easily.

Below is the main snippet that will populate data to Prometheus (keeping in line with the folder structure used on this page). It is essential to ensure that jq and curl are already present on the system.

Let's start by creating $NODE_HOME/poolStat/prices.sh with contents as per below:

PRICES=$(curl -s https://api.kraken.com/0/public/Ticker?pair=ADAEUR,ADAUSD,XXBTZUSD,XETHZUSD)
echo $PRICES | jq .result.ADAEUR.c | jq .[0] | sed 's/"//g'| sed 's/^/adaeur /' > $NODE_HOME/poolStat/price.prom
echo $PRICES | jq .result.ADAUSD.c | jq .[0] | sed 's/"//g'| sed 's/^/adausd /' >> $NODE_HOME/poolStat/price.prom
echo $PRICES | jq .result.XXBTZUSD.c | jq .[0] | sed 's/"//g'| sed 's/^/btcusd /' >> $NODE_HOME/poolStat/price.prom
echo $PRICES | jq .result.XETHZUSD.c | jq .[0] | sed 's/"//g'| sed 's/^/ethusd /' >> $NODE_HOME/poolStat/price.prom

As you can see it is very simple script with self explanatory code and if you need any other currency to be added first just check out curl -s https://api.kraken.com/0/public/AssetPairs as it should return all available asset pairs and add your needed pair in the bottom with respective code(what should be quite easy to do).

Now you need to make this script executable:

chmod +x $NODE_HOME/poolStat/prices.sh

Run $NODE_HOME/poolStat/prices.sh at shell and ensure that you see file $NODE_HOME/poolStat/price.prom with content similar to below:

adaeur 0.502300
adausd 0.531625
btcusd 30187.90000
ethusd 2012.02000

Then you should go to your grafana and check explore and then metrics browser menu and there you should able to see adaeur, adausd and other metrics what we write to file.

If metrics are there, then you must configure cron to run that script every minute, so you will get fresh data every minute:

crontab -l 2>/dev/null; echo "* * * * * $NODE_HOME/poolStat/prices.sh") | crontab -

Now all is left is to create graph with prices, it is rather trivial task and no explanation is necessary.

Cheers!